What is Kuroiler chicken?
Kuroiler chicken is a dual-purpose breed producing meat and eggs, can live on a diet of kitchen and agricultural waste, and produce around 200 eggs per year whereas native Tanzanian hens lay only 40 eggs per year. The meat yield per bird of Kuroilers is also greater; males weigh approximately 3.5 kg and females about 2.5 kg whereas the native male bird weighs 2.5 kg and females 1.2 kg. Due to its unique genetic features, the Kuroiler is resistant to diseases. The kuroiler chick is a potential bio-converter of no cost agricultural, household and natural waste abundant in villages into human protein food and substantial incomes for rural households.
Kuroiler is a breed that survive in free range and on kitchen waste and farm by-product to produce good quality meat and eggs hence dual purpose bird with following traits:
- High resistance to common diseases
- Heat tolerance
- Low input – feed cost, shelter, labour
- Tougher meat than broiler
- Nutritional security
- Kuroiler is dual purpose bird meat and eggs
- Kuroiler give high yield vs local birds(meat & eggs)
- Kuroiler can be raised in the backyard – will do well as free range birds
- Kuroiler improve the diet & livelihood of the rural families
- Kuroiler improves gain from family chicken business i.e backyard rearing for neighborhood sales
Other special attributes
- Appearance – Mostly, Kuroiler chickens have white and grey specks, and this makes them well-camouflaged. All the same, you should expect to come across other colorful Kuroilers.
- Growth rate – Kuroiler chicken farming has become so popular because the birds grow extremely fast. What’s more, they grow big and fat without necessarily eating a lot of store-bought feeds. Even if you let them loose to scavenge, Kuroilers will soon get heavier. Besides, you can give them your kitchen leftovers and edibles like yellow maize, omena, chicken mash, soya and worms. To ensure their growth rate stays sharp, deworm and vaccinate your birds on time. By the fourth or fifth month, a Kuroiler chicken attains a weight of three to 4 kilograms.
- Kuroiler meat production – As aforementioned, Kuroilers produce delicious meat in high amounts. They fatten up quickly and the farmer doesn’t have to invest a lot of money to ensure it. Another good point to note about Kuroilers is that they are more resilient than some exotic breeds. Hence, they resist diseases better regardless of the environmental challenges. Their meat production remains high as long as you nurture and feed them properly. In just ten weeks, the chickens will be mature enough for slaughtering—weighs 3.5kgs at maturity. Cocks can be heavier than this, though. Compared to broilers that weigh 2 to 2.5 kilograms at maturity, Kuroiler chickens are perfect alternatives. Finally, meat is evenly distributed over the chicken’s body parts.
- Eggs production – Kuroilers start laying eggs when they are five months old. As soon as their laying season starts, it goes on for two years. Surprisingly, they lay an extremely big egg with a vivid dark-yellow yolk. This yolk color is associated with good health, explaining why Kuroiler eggs fetch more money on the market.
- Housing – Kuroiler chickens can either be free range birds or semi-free range birds. If you have adequate land space, the kienyeji free range method is the most ideal. All the same, ensure that you build a fenced chicken run to keep your birds safe. If you already have a chicken house that meets the basic construction standards, you can keep your Kuroiler birds inside. Otherwise, you should get a special semi free range rearing system that is suitable for compact spaces.